外围买球app

重视中国社会工作的学术史意识

lishidikan,shehuigongzuoheshehuixuezhijianzongshiyouzhebukegeshedeguanlian。suishuowomenhennanquanbuliqingshehuixuezheikedashude“gen”daodiyouduoshao,danshehuixuebenshenjiubushiwu“gen”dexuekehexuewen。buguanzenyang,zaihendachengduhehenzhijiedeyiyishang,zheilide“gen”,ziranhuiyanshenzhishehuixuedexueshushi。meiguorenleixuejiaweilian·yadangsi(william y. adams)zai《renleixuedezhexuezhigen》zhongzhichu,yuedufanweidekuozhanduiyuxuehaohejiaohaoyimenxuekejuyoushifenzhongyaodeyiyi。tashenzhirenwei,ruguowomenbunengcongshenaodeliluncengmiankandaoqixiahaiyougengjiaqiangyoulidezhexuedeanliu,zehennanwajuedaoxuekezhishudegenji。womenyoucixiangdaodeshi,yimenxuekexiangyikedashu,tadezhuozhuangchengzhanghezhifanyemaobixuyituoyuxuduogenxitigongdeyangfenherunze。

zaiwoguo,suiranshehuigongzuoheshehuixuezhijianyouzhefenfenhehedeguanxi,danjiuxianzailaikan,shehuigongzuozhuanyedejiaoxueheyanjiudadoubeishezhizaishehuixuexi(yuan)。jiujiaoxueheyanjiudelujinglaikan,renmenzongshizaizhongguoshehuixuedefazhanjinchengzhongyinchushehuigongzuozaizhongguodedaolai。biru,pengxiuliangzai《shouwangyukaixin》yishuzhongjiurenwei,shehuigongzuozaizhongguodeyinruyumeiguoshehuixuejiabujishi(john s.buegess,1883—1949)hebeipingshehuishijinhuiyouzhijiedeguanlian。gaihuichuangbandexunkan《xinshehui》shijindaizhongguodiyifenyanjiushehuideqikan,yeshi“wusi”shiqiyifenjiyouyingxiangdekanwu,qizongzhihemubiaojiushigaizaoshehui、shixianminzhu。weici,dangshidexueshujiedadouxuanqulemuguangxiangxiadefangfa,yizailejiehegaizaodaduoshuzhongxiacengpingmindeshenghuo,yushijiuyoule1914—1915nianzaibujishizhidaoxiadebeipingrenlichefudiaocha。zheiyechengweijindaizhongguodiyigexitongdeshehuidiaocha。lingwai,meiguoshehuixuejiaganbo(sidney david gamble,1890—1968)yezhongshenzhiliyuzhongguochengzhenhexiangcunshehuijingjiwentidediaochayuyanjiu。tazhuchiwanchengde《beijingdeshehuidiaocha》baoluowanxiang,duibeijingbaixingdeshenghuojinxingleshengdongdemiaoshu。zaisunbenwenkanlai,zheishi“benzhekexuedejingshen,yiyanjiubeijingshehuizhuangkuangweikexuedeyanjiuzhongguoshehuizhuangkuangdediyishu”。ganbobenrenyexiezhukaizhanlebeijingdeshehuifuwugongzuo。

erbujishide《beijingdexinghui》zeshiwaiguorenyunyongxiandaishehuixuelilunyanjiuzhongguoxinghuidediyibenshuji,jikaiqileyongxifangshehuixuefangfayanjiuzhongguoxianshiwentidexianhe。youyutamenbashehuidiaochashiweizhenduanhejiejuezhongguoshehuiwentidejibenxuanze,bingkanzhongshehuifuwuheshehuigailiang,tamendeyanjiujuyoufeichangnongzhongdeshehuigongzuoyihanheshuxing。zheiyiqieweihoulaizhongguoshehuixuedefazhanquelilejichuyehuadinglefanwei,wanquankebeishiweishehuigongzuozaijindaizhongguofazhandekaiduan。

shishishang,zuoweizhurenshijiandeshehuigongzuozaoyiyoujiqianniandelishi。ruguojiangshehuigongzuoyushehuifulisixiangheshijianlianxiqilaidehua,gudaizhongguojiuyoufeichangfenghoudeshehuigongzuoxueshuziyuan,zhibuguo,zuoweixuekeyiyideshehuigongzuozaiwoguochuxianyuminguoshiqi。dangshi,guorendaduocaiyongribendeyifa,mingzhiwei“shehuishiye”。anzhaozhongguodiyidaishehuixuejiayanxinzhedeguandian,qimude“jieweirenminmoufulishiye”。zineishiyilai,yidaiyouyidaideshehuixueheshehuigongzuozhedanxinjielv,zaituidongshehuixuedebuduanfazhanzhongyeshishehuigongzuoxuekezhishudeyishengzhanghefanmao。biru,keyirenwei,20shijiersanshiniandaidexiangcunjiansheyundong,jiweizhongguonongcunshehuigongzuodezaoqichangshi;zuoweizhongguoshehuigongzuoxianfengdeleijieqiong,yu20shiji30niandaihouqishenrujiangxijicengnongcun,suojinxingdefunvshehuigongzuoshijian,duixianjinnongcunfunvshehuigongzuoyiranjuyouzhongyaodeqishi;lianzhaizai20shijisansishiniandaidebianjiangshehuigongzuoshijianhetansuo,duizhongguoshehuixueheshehuigongzuojuyouzhongyaoyiyihejiazhi;jiangzhiangchengshuyu20shiji40niandaide《zhanshidexiangcunshequzhengzhi》yekeshiweishequshehuigongzuodedianfanzhizuo;zhiyufeixiaotongyouguandeshehuixuelunwenhelunzhu,gengshiheshehuigongzuoyouzheqiansiwanlvdelianxi。

lishizongshizaibuduandiyanxuzhe。woguoshehuigongzuoheshehuixueyiyang,fazhanlichengjijingbozhe,danchuzaishehuifazhanxindelishifangwei。suizheduishehuixue、shehuigongzuoderenshibuduanlixingheshenru,renmenhuiyuelaiyuezhongshishehuixueheshehuigongzuo。shizhijinri,zheijihuyijingchengweibuzhengdeshishi。womenyouliyouleguandiyupan,shehuigongzuodezongtifazhantaishifeichangxianghao。

womenkexidikandao,jinxienianlai,quanguofanweizhengzairuhuorutudipeiyanghezaojiuyizhi“hongdadeshehuigongzuoduiwu”。henyoubiyaozhichudeshi,yueshichuzaizheiyangdebeijingdangzhong,zhongguoshehuigongzuodezhuanyefazhanherencaipeiyangjiuyueyinggaijuyouqingxingdeyishi,gengjiaxuyaolengjingdifenxihekandaikeguandepeiyangxianzhuang。

2003nian,feixiaotongzai《laolaihaishiyaozaixiangqiankan》yiwenzhongfenxizhichu: “xianzaigedideshehuixuezhuanyeshangdehenduohenkuai,shiziduiwugenbushang,womenyaojingtibaxuewenzuo‘xu’zuo‘fu’le。”sirenyishi,jingyanzhangming。xianshengciyansuiranshizhijiezhenduishijizhijiaowoguoshehuixuexuekezhuangkuangde,dansihuduiwomensikaodangxiadezhongguoshehuigongzuojiaoxueyuyanjiuyeshifenshiyong。

wuyongzhiyi,shehuigongzuogurandemianduixianshi,shiyijiejueshehuiwentiweibendeshijianhexueke,danwomenbunengyincierhulvezhongguoshehuigongzuodelishipinge。qishi,duishehuigongzuolishifazhanjinchengdezaiyiheguanzhuhuigengjiatuxianqizhishitupuhejiazhizhigui。henzhangyiduanshijiannei,shehuigongzuoyinweiguoyuzhuzhongyingyongheshijianerbeipipingweililunzhuiqiufali。shishishang,zheizhongguandianzhisuoyichansheng,shiyinweirujindejiaoxuehekechengshezhiquefaduililunbenshendezhongshi。neixierenweisuoweishehuigongzuojiushijiandan“jieru”shijian、hushishehuigongzuolilundexuezheyingduiciyousuorenshi。jiutishengzhongguoshehuigongzuolilunshuipingeryan,zhenzhengzhongshizhongguoshehuigongzuoxueshushidejiaoxueheyanjiugongzuoxiandeyouweizhongyao。keyirenwei,hushizhongguoshehuigongzuodexuekeshiyishi,dingranhuiyingxiangduixuekewanzhengxingdebawoheduishehuishishidequanshishuizhun。

huiwangbainianfazhanlicheng,womenyouchongfendeliyourenwei,hezhongguoshehuixueyiyang,zhongguoshehuigongzuoyebingfeiwu“gen”dexueke。zhei“gen”defayu,yinggaizaiduishehuigongzuoxueshushidejiaoxueheyanjiuzhongpeizhi。tongguoduizhongguoshehuigongzuoxueshushidezhongshi,shenruwajuezaizhongguoshehuigongzuoxuekefazhanshishangzhuduozhongyaorenwudesixiang,bujinduidangxiaguoneishehuixuezhuanyebenkeshengheshuoshishengkechengdeshezhihezhuanyedefazhanjifuqifayiyi,erqiezheiwuyiyebiaozhenglejinrenduishehuigongzuoxuekefazhanshibenshendeyingyouzunzhong。

(benwenxiguojiashekejijinxiangmu“xibeiminzudiqushehuizhiliyushehuihuoliyanjiu”(16bsh039)jieduanxingchengguo)

(zuozhedanwei: xibeishifandaxuemakesizhuyixueyuan、xibeishaoshuminzujiaoyufazhanyanjiuzhongxin)

(benwenzhuanzaizi: zhongguoshehuikexuewang)