外围买球app

山东省发挥社会工作多元功能,创新社区治理新内涵

“qinzihudongzaixiaojia,xiaojiahudongliandajia,xiaojiahemeilianchengpian,lianchengyuehu yidajia,yidajia!”2019nian12yue24ri,qingdaolicangquhushanlujiedaoshehuigongzuozhichizhongxinjubanshehuigongzuozhuanyefuwushifanxiangmu“weichuangtou”dasai。laizihushanlujiedaoyuehushequdexiaopengyoumenzhengzaitongguokuaibandexingshizhanshigaishequdegongyixiangmu,shengdong、huopodebiaoyanhuodelezaichangrenyuanyizhizhangsheng。

yuqitaleixingdasaibutongdeshi,bencidasaisuoyoudecansaixiangmujunyoushequshehuigongzuozheyushequshehuizuzhi、zhiyuanzhezaiqianqishequxuqiupinggujichushang,lianheshejishishi,xuyaojieshouzhuanjiadexianchangpingshen,danrenbencidasaidepingweijiabinshibeijingxiezuozhezhurenlitao,qinghuadaxuegongyicishanyanjiuyuanhezuoyanjiufangwenxuezhe、meiguonanjiazhoudaxueshehuixuexiliushangboshi。qingdaoshiminzhengjucishanheshehuirencaichufuchuzhangzhaowenchen,licangminzhengjujuzhangwangzhongyu,laoshanquminzhengjufujuzhangyuhuabing,hushanlujiedaodanggongweishujidanwei,hushanlujiedaodanggongweifushuji、banshichuzhurenrenzhimin,yijishequgongzuozhehejumindaibiaoqinlindasaixianchangguankan,geshidianshequshichuhunshenjieshu,tongguoyanjiang、huaju、shizhuangxiudengduoyuanhuaxingshizhanshixiangmu。

hushanlujiedaoshehuigongzuozhichizhongxinshiyoulicangquminzhengju、hushanlujiedaobanshichuweituobeijingshixiezuozheshehuigongzuofazhanzhongxinzhidao,qingdaoshixiezuozheshehuigongzuofazhanzhongxinjiansheyunyingdejiejishehuigongzuozhichipingtai,zhizaitongguogoujianguihuayupingjiazhichitixi、zhuanyejianshezhichitixihefuwuchuangxinzhichitixi,fahuishehuigongzuofuwuchuangxin、zhuanyezhichiheziyuanzhenghededuoyuangongneng,weishequtigongfuwupinggu、xiangmuguihua、peixundudao、zuzhipeiyu、fuwushifandengzhichi,youxiaozhenghexiaquneiwaigeleifuwuziyuan,zonghehuiyingjuminduoyuanhuadefuwuxuqiuhecanyuyiyuan,xingchengyishehuigongzuoweizhuanyezhicheng,shequweiziyuanpeizhipingtai,shequshehuizuzhiweicanyuzaiti,daidongzhiyuanzheguangfancanyudexietongzhilijizhi,shixianmiqiedangqunguanxi,shixianfazhanshehuigongzuo,peiyushehuizuzhi,cujinshequcanyu,youxiaofuwuminshengdemubiao。

优化服务资源配置——构建专业服务规划与评价支持体系

“zaishequxiangmushejiqianqi,womenshequzuoledaliangdejuminxuqiudiaoyangongzuo,bujinshiwenjuandiaocha,haishenrudaojuminjiazhongjinxingshendufangtan,bingkaizhanbutongquntidejiaodianxiaozufangtan,gengshenru、gengquanmiandelejiejuminxuqiu”,laizihushanlujiedaoyutangshequdezhulishegongwangxiayanjin、renzhendetaidushouhuotaixiarenyuandezanxu。

shidiangongzuoshouxiancongxuqiudiaoyankaishi,yihushanlujiedaosangeshidianshequshequjumin、shequgongzuorenyuan、shequzhiyuanzhejishequshehuizuzhifuzerenweidiaochahefangtandeduixiang,caiyongdingliangyudingxingxiangjiehedefangfa,tongguowenjuandiaocha、geanfangtan、jiaodianxiaozudengfangshishoujishequxuqiuyushequzhilijianyi。zaidiaoyanzhong,qingdaoxiezuozhedailingshequshehuigongzuozhehezhiyuanzhexuexishijianpinggufangfa,jiecidazaolicangquhushanlujiedaozhuanyefuwuguihuayupingjiazhichitixi,weishehuigongzuozhichizhongxindazaoshequpinpaixiangmutigongxiangshi、chongfendecankaoyiju。

zaixuqiudiaoyanjichushang,qingdaoxiezuozheyindaoshidianshequgenjuzishenxuqiuxianzhuang,zhuanxiexiangmushenqingshu。bencidasaiyou3geshidianshequdijiao3gefuwushifanxiangmu,geshequshehuigongzuozhejishequshehuizuzhitongguoxiezuozhedezhuanyezhidao,jiangxiangmushujingguo5-7cixiugaiwanshanhouzuizhongqueding。xiangmuneirongshejiqinziguanxigaishan、gaolingkongchaolaorenguanhuai、shequhuzhu3gezaishequzhongjidaijiejuedewenti,zheixieyuanzishequjuminxuqiudeshehuigongzuozhuanyefuwuxiangmujianggenghaodecujinshequzhiliyujuminronghefazhan。

“benci‘weichuangtou’dasaijishishidiangongzuojieduanxingchengguozhanshi,yeshixiayijieduanpeiyushequshehuizuzhi、shequfuwupinpaidexinqidian,zaizhichizhongxinjianshelujingzhongqizhechengqianqihoudezhongyaozuoyong。tongguosongjuanzhurenduishidianxiangmudejieshao,yifangmiankeyikandaoxiezuozhe、hushanlujiedaoji3geshidianshequdenulifuchu,lingwaiwomenyekandaolexuduoshequshehuigongzuozhetuijiedehaoxiangmuheshequshehuizuzhijizhiyuanzhedejijicanyu。keyikanchu,zheici‘weichuangtou’dasaiyousangechuangxindian: yishidasaifajueshehuigongzuozhuanyejiazhi,huiyingshequguanjianwenti。zhenduishequzuijixujiejuedeguanjianwenti,yongzhuanyehuahexiangmuhuadefangshiyuyizhengtihuiying;ershifahuishequliandongyoushi,dazaoshequfuwuzhangxiaojizhi。jiangshequzuoweiziyuanpeizhipingtai,chongfenzhengheshequziyuan,shixianshequgongjian、gongzhi、gongxiang;sanshifahuizhuanyeliliangyujuminliliangdejihexiaoying,kexueshedingfuwuxiangmu。yijuminxuqiuweidaoxiang,caiquzhuanjiapingshenyujuminyijianxiangjiehedefangshi,jiangfuwuxiangmuluodiluoshi。”

引领专业人才队伍建,构建社会工作专业建设支持体系

“zicongcanyushehuigongzuozhichizhongxingexianghuodonghou,xuedaohenduozhishi,wodeshequgongzuonengli、gerenzonghenengli,doudedaozhidetisheng,zuoweishouxishegongsuirangongzuoliangdezengjiahuiouerrangwoyouxiejiaolv,danshiwoxiangxinzaiwomenshequ、shegong、yijizhongduozhiyuanzhe、shequshehuizuzhifuzerendeqixinnulixia,womenzuizhonghuiwanmeiwanchengrenwu。”longyuanshequshouxishegongqiuyanzaiyanjiangzhongbiaodachuduixiangmudeyinqieqiwang。

yutangshequzhiyuanzhesuyuyuzaidasaixianchangshuochulezhiyuanzhedexinsheng: “jinnianbayuefencanyudaobeijingxiezuozhelitaolaoshidexiangmushejipeixun,lejiedaoshehuigongzuozhuanye,xuexileshenmeshixiangmu,weishenmezuoxiangmu,ruhezuoxiangmu。tongshiyehenrongxingyouzheiyangyigejihuijiarudaochuandiaixindezhiyuanzheduiwu,dangwomenfengxianzijideliliangbangzhutarenshi,yebangzhuleziji,xuehuileyigenghaodefangshiyurengoutong,ruheguanaitaren,ruherongrushequdajiating。”

“shequgongzuoshishehuigongzuosandafangfazhiyi,shehuigongzuoshishequfazhandezhuanyezhicheng。danzhangqiyilai,shehuigongzuobeijuxianzaiweiguanfuwucengmian,ruteshurenqunzhaogu、xingquxiaozudengmianxiangjumindezhijiefuwu,erhushilegaizhuanyeyijingxingchengdexitongdeshequzhililinianyugongzuofangfadeyingyong,baokuoshequpinggu、fuwuguihua、shequcanyu、ziyuanzhenghehezuzhipeiyudeng,zheixiefangfaqiaqiashimuqianshequzhilichuangxinjixudeneirong。”beijingxiezuozhechuangshirenlitaozhurenshuo,“yucitongshi,congshishequgongzuoderenyuanyouyuquefabaokuopeixun、dudaohefuwushifanzaineidezhuanyezhichi,jiyichanshengzhiyejuandaihewuligan。youcigouchengledangqianshequzhiligongzuoquefazhuanyezhichengdekunjing。”

zaicibeijingxia,2018nian,qingdaoshiminzhengjuhejiaozhoushisanlihejiedaoweituobeijingxiezuozheheqingdaoxiezuozhezaijiaozhoukaizhansanlihejiedao“sisheliandong”shidian,jingguoyiniandenuli,xiangmuqudeleyuqixiaoguo(xiangjianwangqilianjie……),zaicijichushang,qingdaoshiminzhengjuweituobeijingxiezuozhejiangshidianjingyanjinyibuzongjietisheng,tuiguangdaolicangquhechengyangqu,zaidangdiminzhengjuhejiedaozhichixia,qidongshehuigongzuozhichizhongxinjiansheshidianxiangmu,zaijiedaocengmianbashehuigongzuozuoweishequzhilidezhuanyezhicheng,jianlizhuanyezhichipingtai,congpeiyu、zhenghe、dudao、pinggu、chuangxindengwugefangmianfahuishehuigongzuozhuanyegongneng,tishengshequzhilishuiping。

qingdaoxiezuozhezhurensongjuanjieshaoshehuigongzuozhichizhongxinjianshedemubiao: “duiyuzhongxindeweilaijianshe,womenxiwangzaiweiguancengmianpeiyufazhanshehuigongzuozhuanyerencaiduiwu、zhiyuanzheduiwuheshequshehuizuzhi;zaizhongguancengmianzhidingjiedaozhuanyerencaiduiwujiansheyushequfuwufazhanguihua,youhuazhuanyefuwuziyuanpeizhi;zaihongguancengmiankaizhanxingdongyanjiu,shixianmiqiedangqunguanxi,fazhanshehuigongzuo,peiyushehuizuzhi,cujinshehuicanyu,fuwushequminshengdemubiao。”

创新社区治理与服务,构建社会工作服务创新支持体系

qingdaoshiminzhengjucishanheshehuirencaichufuchuzhangzhaowenchenduishehuigongzuozhichizhongxinshidiangongzuoqudedejieduanxingchengxiaobiaoshirenke: “tinglesongjuanzhurenduishehuigongzuozhichizhongxindejieshao,guankanle3geshequfuwuxiangmudezhanshi,keyikanchuzhei3gexiangmushishenshouguangdajuminhuanyingde,shijiediqide,shidiangongzuoqudelechubuchengxiao。tansuogoujianleshequsisheliandonggongzuojizhi,liqinglegezizhize,lishundexianghuguanxi,jifaleshequneizaihuoli,chubushixianshequjuminzizhu、huzhuheshequdegongjian、gongzhi、gongxiang,xingchenglelixingpinghe、kuanrongjiena、pingdengzunzhongdejuminguanxi,zengqiangleshequningjuli、rentonggan、guishugan,tishengleshequguanlifuwushuiping,manzuleshequjuminduoyuanhua、gexinghuafuwuxuqiu。bencidasaijishizhenduishequjuminzuiji、zuixu、zuipanjiejuewentideyizhongzhuanyehuahexiangmuhuadehuiying,yeshishequ、shehuigongzuozhe、shequshehuizuzhifuwushuipingheyunzuonenglidezhongyaotixian,shichuanboshehuigongzuolinian,peiyangshehuigongzuorencai,yongzhuanyefangfacanyushehuigonggongfuwudechuangxinsaishi,weitupochuantongfuwuguanlimoshitigongyizhongzhanxin、zhuanyedejiejuewentidelujinghefangan,weituijinquanshishehuigongzuozhuanyefuwupingtaijianshediandinglelianghaojichu。”

qinghuadaxuegongyicishanyanjiuyuanhezuoyanjiufangwenxuezhe、meiguonanjiazhoudaxueshehuixuexiliushangboshizaidianpingshidianshequxiangmushitichu: “meicihuodongjieshuhou,xuyaozuozhengtipinggu,keyizaixiayicihuodongzhongjishijiayiyingdui;ruxuyaoyinjinwaibuziyuanjiujishiyinjin,tongshizuohaoguochengpingguyijiguochengjilu。womendexiangmuyunzuomoshikanqilaishiyoukefuzhiqianlide,bixubaguochengjilugongzuozuohao,yibianjianglaijinxingtuiguang。”

yuehushequshouxishegongxuningningzaicanjiawan“weichuangtou”dasaihou,duiyushehuigongzuozhichizhongxinyoulegengshendelejiehegengmeihaodeqixu: “congdiyicicanjiaqingdaoxiezuozhesongjuanzhurendepeixun,congjumindiaochawenjuandaoxiaozufangtan、geanshendufangtan,zaidaobeijingxiezuozhelitaolaoshidexiangmuzhishipeixunyijixianzaidexiangmushuzhuanxie。zaizheigeguochengzhong,zijicongzuichuduixiangguanzhishideyizhibanjiedaoxianzaizhidaoleshenmeshisisheliandong,kaishishejilexiangmushudechugao,ganjuezijixuedaolehenduo,shouhuodebujinshizhuanyezhishidezengzhang,gengshigenjumingenzhiyuanzhezhijianriyizengjiadexinrenyuxianghuzhichi。ganxieqingdaoxiezuozheduiwomengongzuodezhuanyezhichi,qidaixiangmudeshishi,qidaiwomenzhiyuanzheduiwudezhuangda,qidaiwomenshehuizuzhidezengqiang,xiangxinwomendeshequhuiyuelaiyuehao。”

北京协作者李涛主任在活动总结中表示,党的十九届四中全会特别强调加强和创新社会治理的重要性,虎山路街道社会工作支持中心是青岛市面对创新社会治理的重大课题,结合自身特点,探索出“以服务为载体,促进社区治理”的新路线,一是以服务为载体促进社区参与。没有居民参与社区事务,社区治理只是空谈,但居民的参与如果只是开议事会,而不能直接转化为对服务的参与,那么这样的治理也不会持久。社会工作支持中心发挥社会工作的促进社区参与功能,以培育社区社会组织为纽带,促进居民广泛参与社区事务,是促进社区治理的有效方式之一。二是以服务为载体实现专业成长。在社区专业能力提升方面,多年来已投入大量资源,但整体效果差强人意。社会工作支持中心以社区创投项目为服务实践平台,将专业理论融合在实践中,通过实践练兵,实现本土社会工作者和志愿者的专业能力提升。三是以服务为载体进行公众教育。以需求为导向开展社区服务是社区治理的原则之一,社会工作支持中心通过建立评估体系自下而上了解居民需求,进而通过项目化运作方式构建服务示范体系,发挥社会工作的社区教育功能,以具体、直观、可看、可学、可体验、可参与的方式向居民和社区利益相关方展示了什么是项目,什么是社会工作,什么是需求评估,什么是社区参与。

juxi,canyubencidasaidezhanshixiangmuzhihoujiangzuoweihushanlujiedaoshehuigongzuozhichizhongxinzhongdianpeiyushifanxiangmu,bingyouzhichizhongxinheqingdaoxiezuozheweigexiangmudingqijinxingzhidaohepeixun,bingjiancepingguxiangmugejieduangongzuokaizhan,zaiquebaoxiangmushunlishishiyouxiaofuwuminshengdetongshi,tishengshequgefangxiangmuhua、zhuanyehuahezuzhihuafuwunengli,weishidianshequpeiyufazhanyipizhuanyefuwurencai。

(zuozhedanwei: qingdaoxiezuozhe)