外围买球app

百年中国社会工作史的钩沉与展望

shehuigongzuoshiyimenyilitazhuyiweizhidao、yikexuezhishiweijichudezhuanyezhurenfuwuhuodong,qizuizaozuowei“bolaipin”yinruzhongguo。1912nian,bujishichuangbanbeijingshehuishijinhui,biaozhizhezhuanyeshehuigongzuojinruzhongguo。qijinweizhi,zhongguoshehuigongzuocunzaibingfazhanleyibaiduonian,zheiyeshitadeyinjinshi、fazhanshiheshijianshi。

shizhidangxia,xuduoxuezhemianlinzheruhejiangshehuigongzuozheimen“bolaipin”shixian“luodishenggen”dekunjingerwucongyingdui。benzheduizhongguoshehuigongzuoxuekeshiyanjiufuzedetaidu,yipengxiuliangweidaibiaodezhongguoshehuigongzuoshiyanjiuzhejixiwangyufansizhongguoshehuigongzuodebentuhuajingyan,jingguobuxienuli,zhongyutuichule《zhongguoshehuigongzuoshijianmingjiaocheng》(beijingdaxuechubanshe2019nian5yuechuban)yishu。gaishuwenbixilian,kuangjiaheli,gezhangjiebianxiejingzhi,congxulundaogejibiaotidequeding,conggeshiguifandaowenzibiaodiandexiugai,douqingzhulezuozhedaliangdexinxuehefuchu。ciwai,gaishuxiguoneishehuigongzuojieweishubuduode“zhuanyefazhanshi”leilunzhuzhongyouyijingpinlizuo,tixianchuqiangliedekexuexing、kaituoxing、xitongxinghebentuxing,weiguangdashehuigongzuotongrentigonglexindeyanjiushijiaohecanzhaoyiyi。

《zhongguoshehuigongzuoshijianmingjiaocheng》fenweixulun、shangbian、zhongbianhexiabiansibufen,gongshiyizhang,zaikuoqingqianqilishidejichushang,weizhongguoshehuigongzuoshixueshulingyu“buduanban”,fahuizhepeiyangxueshenglishisiweinenglidezhongren。shuzhongmeiyizhangjiedoubaohan“xiaojie”、“wentiyantao”、“jixutansuo”yiji“yanshenyuedu”,zaijiegoushezhishangshifentieheduzhedeyueduxiguan,congxiaojiedeyuyinraoliang,daowentiyantaodepaozhuanyinyu,zaidaojixutansuodeyiguguanjin,zuihouyiyanshenyuedujinxingdianbo,jianglishidecanghaiyizhujijiezaidangxia,yindaoduzhecongshiliaohanhaizhongxiquyangfen。xulunchanshulezhongguoshehuigongzuoshidejibenkuangjia、lishifenqihexuekediwei,cengcengdijinjianggaikechenghuozhishitixijinxingpouxi;zhidezhuyideshi,benwenconghengduanmianduizhongguoshehuigongzuoshijinxingshuangxianxushu,jijiaoyuxiansuoheshiwuxiansuo;zaizongxiangshangjiangqihuafenweiyinru、fazhan、zhefuyuzhongjiansigejieduan,bingyijuzhongguoshehuigongzuoshiwuyujiaoyudiedangqifudeshijiqingxingxushumeigejieduandebiaozhixingshijian。zuihou,zuozhezhongshenlezhongguoshehuigongzuoshidexuekediwei,qiangdiaoyigezhuanyehuoxuekeruguomeiyouzijidefazhanshi,shinanyichengzhiweiyigezhenzhengchengshudezhuanyehuoxuekede。tongduquanshu,keyikanchuzheiyangjigetedian:

一、概念的本土化回归

gaishukaipiantidao,“xiangbiyushehuigongzuodezhishitixiheshiwujishu,zhongguoshehuigongzuoshishangshuyugangqibudeyimenkechenghuozhishitixi”,youyushehuigongzuozishenfazhandeneizaifuhexingyufuzaxing,《zhongguoshehuigongzuoshijianmingjiaocheng》yishulvxiandapozhangqiyilaishehuigongzuoshide“jinqu”,shoucizuochujichuxingdegongzuo,jiduiyixiehexinfanchoujinxinglishizhuisuhegainianhuigui,zheizhongzhengbenqingyuandegongzuoweizhuzuoyanjiudezhankaidiandinglehangshijichu。zuozherenwei,zaitaolunshehuigongzuozhuanyedeqiyuanwentishi,shouxianxuyaoliqing“shehuigongzuo”yicideyoulai,buguanshihanyidechunxifanghuayutixi,haishixifanggainian、zhidu、jiazhiguanhewenhuabeijingdeyiyi,doubukebimiandechanshengfanyihuolijieshangdepiancha。yinci,yinyongjiangzhiangxianshengdui“shehuigongzuo”xiadedingyi,jiangshehuixuyao、shehuizhengce、shehuifuwu、shehuixingzheng、shehuifulishiye、shehuijianshe、xiaokangshehuidenggainianyushehuigongzuozhijiandexianghuguanxi,yicengcengdijindegejuqingxidijieshilecongshehuixuyaoqibudaowanchengshehuijianshedeshehuigongzuoguocheng,chongfenquanshile“yinjinlai”yu“chuantongyujing”debentuhuajiehe。raner,duiyujiujingshenmeshishehuigongzuoshidewenti,zheibingbuxiangqianzhexiadingyibandeneiyangjiandan。zhengruxifangxuezherenwei,zaimakesizhuyizhexueyanjiudexueshusuqiuxia,youduoshaomakesiyanjiuzhejiuyouduoshaogemakesizhuyi,jichengxianchu“luanhuajianyumirenyan”de“qianmianmakesi”jingxiang。womenyaozuodebushipipanyihuobianximouzhongweimingti,ershijixuwanchengmakesizhuyizhongguohuadepoqierenwu,goujianyizhongtuchuzhongguoqipaihetesedeyanjiufengge。huanyanzhi,zai“guweijinyong、yangweizhongyong”deguochengzhong,shehuigongzuoyexuyaogoujianjuyoubentuhuadezhishitixihexueketese。

二、源头梳理和实务拓展

benshudeshangbian,zhuyaoweiraozhezhongguoshehuigongzuodeshuangzhongqiyuanzheiyisiluheluojizhankaixushu,jiqiangdiaotanxunbentuqiyuandeyiyi,yetichulejianlizhongguoshehuigongzuoshixueke、yanjiushehuigongzuofazhandezhongyaochufadian。zaitansuozhuanyejiaoyudeqibuyufazhanshi,zuozhejiangminguoshiqideshehuigongzuojiaoyuzhiyudangshizhongguogaodengjiaoyudedabeijingxiaqufenxi,yilishidehongguanshijiaojiangqirongrudao“xixuedongjian”dequanguoyundongzhong,shulichushehuigongzuojiaoyudutedefazhanmailuo,baokuoshehuigongzuodejiaoyuqiyuan、jiaoyulinian、kechengshezhi、jiaoyuanduiwuhejiaocaibianxiedengneirong。ciwai,benshuliuzudaliangpianfulaijieshaominguoshiqishehuigongzuoshiwudeqingkuang,baokuonongcunshehuigongzuo、chengshishehuigongzuo、yiyuanshehuigongzuo、jingshenjiankangshehuigongzuo、ertongshehuigongzuo、bianjiangshehuigongzuoheshangcanzhongjianshehuigongzuo,xitongzhengliledangshihuanjingxiahunluandeshehuifuwu,jinerjiangqizhuyiguinahezongjie。jinguansuoshuneirongbingwuxifangfenxifanshizhiming,queweihourenyanjiushehuigongzuoshikaichuanglexianhe,kanchengweizhongguoshehuigongzuoshidexianxingdianfan。

三、沉寂转型与快速发展

minguoshiqidezhuanyeshehuigongzuozhezaishehuixue、shehuigongzuobeiquxiaohoudaduoxiaoshengniji、gaixinghuandao,neimezhongguoshehuifulishiyedequekouyousheilaitianbuni?xingzhengxingshehuigongzuodechuxianzhenghaojiejuelezheiyiwenti,bingzhangqijuyuzhuliudiweiyingxiangzhijin。dansuizheshehuifazhanhegaigekaifanghoudejingjitengfei,xingzhengxingshehuigongzuozhujianluchupitai,weileyingheshehuixuyao,zhuanyeshehuigongzuokaishitaitou。ruheshibentuxingzhengxingshehuigongzuoxiangzhuanyeshehuigongzuokaolong,jiexuminguoshiqidebentushehuigongzuojingyan,shishehuigongzuozaizhuanyexingyubentujingyanzhijianzhaodaoliangzhederonghedian,naidangxiazuizhongyaodewenti。yinci,weilechengqinghejiejuezheiyiwenti,xuexishehuigongzuozhuanyezhishiyulejiebentulishijingyanqueyibuke。benshuzhongbianxiangxidijieshaolezheiduanlishijingyan,chanshuleshehuigongzuodezhefuyuhuifuzhongjian,baokuoshehuigongzuodechenjiyuzhuanxing、shehuigongzuojiaoyudezhongjianyufazhanyijishehuigongzuoshiwudezhongxinxingqiyukuaisufazhan,weiduzheshulileshehuigongzuozaidangshilishibeijingxiamianlindechujing,jieshaolexingzhengxingshehuigongzuodexingcheng、fazhanyuzhuanxing,biaozhuleshehuigongzuozaizhefuhezhongjianguochengzhongsuoyudaodemeiyigejiedian。

四、港澳台地区社会工作发展的历史分期

gaishuxiabian,jieshaoletaiwan、xianggang、aomendiqushehuigongzuodefazhan,bingchangshiduigangaotaidiqushehuigongzuodefazhanjinxingshuli。duzhenenggoucongzhonglejiedaotaiwanshehuigongzuodelianggeyuantou、zhanhou“dangzhenghua”detaiwanshehuigongzuo、yijitaiwanshehuigongzuozhuanyehuadezhongzhongjincheng,baokuolifa、jiaoyu、shiwudengduogefangmiandefazhanqingkuanghejingyandejieshao。ciwai,zuozhehaiduixianggangheaomendiqushehuigongzuodefazhanlishijinxingzhenglihepouxi,shiliaoxiangshi,tuchuxinyi,jieshaolezhuduojingyanzaishehuigongzuojidaifazhandejintiangengxianzhengui。raner,youyuxianshihuanjingdezhongzhongjuxian,benshuduigangaotaidiqushehuigongzuofazhandechanshunanmianhuiyoubuzuzhichu,danzheishiguoneixuezheshouciduigangaotaidiqushehuigongzuoshijinxingjiaoweixiangxihexitongdelunshu,yonglishihefazhandeyanguangqukandaishehuigongzuo,conghengxianghezongxiangliangweidujinxingshuli,qiyiyikeweibuyaneryu。

zongshangsuoshu,《zhongguoshehuigongzuoshijianmingjiaocheng》yishushipengxiuliangji《shouwangyukaixin: jindaizhongguodeshehuigongzuo》(hebeijiaoyuchubanshe,2010)、《yicidudongshehuigongzuo》(beijingdaxuechubanshe,2014)dengzhuzuozhihouyouyishengengjingdiandeshehuigongzuoshilizuo,shizuozheyizhangqicongshishehuigongzuoyanjiudeshijiantansuo、fengfujingyanhelilunsikaoweijichu,jianchixifangyinjinyubentupeiyangxiangjiehe,quanmian、shenru、xitongdiyanjiuzi“madianhuiyi”zhaokaiyilaiwoguoshehuigongzuohuifuzhongjiansanshiyuniandelishifazhanjiejing,qixiezuoshijiao、guandianhefangfajunjuyoududaozhichu,youqishigaishujiyushehuigongzuofazhanshishijiaodetansuoshiwoguozaigailingyusuoqudedechuangxinxingyanjiuchengguo。womenxiangxin,wulunshizuoweiyibulishishujilaiyuedu,haishizuoweizhuanyejiaocailaipinjian,gaishudoubushiweizhongguoshehuigongzuoshiyanjiulingyudeyibujingpin,dingnengjibushaoshehuigongzuoxuezhedailaiqidiyulinggan。

(zuozhedanweiweizhongguoshehuikexueyuanyanjiushengyuan)